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littleBits Hall of Fame Bubble Bot Starter Kit, Purple

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littleBits Hall of Fame Bubble Bot Starter Kit, Purple

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Product description

Kids build their own bubble blowing robot while learning about circuits and invention. Kids build their own bubble blowing robot while learning about circuits and invention.


From the brand

LittleBitsLittleBits
LittleBits LogoLittleBits Logo

Our story


How we got our start?
littleBits was my experiment to make engineering more fun, more playful, and more inviting to people who aren’t engineers. I took it to Maker Faire in 2009, and suddenly people started lining up to play with the Bits. I realized there was a real opportunity to inspire kids to invent with technology.
What makes our product unique?
littleBits invented the electronic building block! Our magnetic “Bits” snap together to turn ideas into inventions, transforming the way kids learn so they can grow up to be tomorrow’s changemakers no matter their age, gender, race, nationality, or ability.
Why we love what we do?
I'm inspired by all our makers. We have a young girl in our community who is teaching herself to code and prototype an echo-locator device with littleBits. Others have made pet activity monitors or autonomous driving robots. The creativity and inventive spirit of kids using our Bits blows me away.

From the manufacturer

littleBits Hall of Fame Bubble Bot Starter Kit, Purple

The following lists the preprints and final revised papers published within the last 60 days.
11 Nov 2021
Investigating causal factors of shallow landslides in grassland regions of Switzerland
Lauren Zweifel, Maxim Samarin, Katrin Meusburger, and Christine Alewell
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3421–3437, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3421-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3421-2021, 2021
Short summary
10 Nov 2021
The mud volcanoes at Santa Barbara and Aragona (Sicily, Italy): a contribution to risk assessment
Alessandro Gattuso, Francesco Italiano, Giorgio Capasso, Antonino D'Alessandro, Fausto Grassa, Antonino Fabio Pisciotta, and Davide Romano
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3407–3419, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3407-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3407-2021, 2021
Short summary
10 Nov 2021
EUNADICS-AV early warning system dedicated to supporting aviation in the case of a crisis from natural airborne hazards and radionuclide clouds
Hugues Brenot, Nicolas Theys, Lieven Clarisse, Jeroen van Gent, Daniel R. Hurtmans, Sophie Vandenbussche, Nikolaos Papagiannopoulos, Lucia Mona, Timo Virtanen, Andreas Uppstu, Mikhail Sofiev, Luca Bugliaro, Margarita Vázquez-Navarro, Pascal Hedelt, Michelle Maree Parks, Sara Barsotti, Mauro Coltelli, William Moreland, Simona Scollo, Giuseppe Salerno, Delia Arnold-Arias, Marcus Hirtl, Tuomas Peltonen, Juhani Lahtinen, Klaus Sievers, Florian Lipok, Rolf Rüfenacht, Alexander Haefele, Maxime Hervo, Saskia Wagenaar, Wim Som de Cerff, Jos de Laat, Arnoud Apituley, Piet Stammes, Quentin Laffineur, Andy Delcloo, Robertson Lennart, Carl-Herbert Rokitansky, Arturo Vargas, Markus Kerschbaum, Christian Resch, Raimund Zopp, Matthieu Plu, Vincent-Henri Peuch, Michel Van Roozendael, and Gerhard Wotawa
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3367–3405, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3367-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3367-2021, 2021
Short summary
10 Nov 2021
Evaluating and ranking Southeast Asia's exposure to explosive volcanic hazards
Susanna F. Jenkins, Sébastien Biass, George T. Williams, Josh L. Hayes, Eleanor M. Tennant, Qingyuan Yang, Vanesa Burgos, Elinor S. Meredith, Geoffrey A. Lerner, Magfira Syarifuddin, and Andrea Verolino
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-320,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-320, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
Short summary
10 Nov 2021
Assessing tropical cyclone compound flood risk using hydrodynamic modelling: a case study in Haikou City, China
Qing Liu, Hanqing Xu, and Jun Wang
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-308,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-308, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
Short summary
10 Nov 2021
Brief Communication: Key papers of 20 years in Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences
Animesh K. Gain, Yves Bühler, Pascal Haegeli, Daniela Molinari, Mario Parise, David J. Peres, Joaquim G. Pinto, Kai Schröter, Ricardo M. Trigo, María Carmen Llasat, and Heidi Kreibich
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-321,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-321, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
Short summary
10 Nov 2021
Pre-collapse motion of the February 2021 Chamoli rock-ice avalanche, Indian Himalaya
Maximillian Van Wyk de Vries, Shashank Bhushan, Mylène Jacquemart, César Deschamps-Berger, Etienne Berthier, Simon Gascoin, David E. Shean, Dan H. Shugar, and Andreas Kääb
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-333,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-333, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
Short summary
10 Nov 2021
Regional county-level housing inventory predictions and the effects on hurricane risk
Caroline J. Williams, Rachel A. Davidson, Linda K. Nozick, Joseph E. Trainor, Meghan Millea, and Jamie L. Kruse
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-335,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-335, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
Short summary
09 Nov 2021
Tidal flood area mapping in the face of climate change scenarios: case study in a tropical estuary in the Brazilian semi-arid region
Paulo Victor N. Araújo, Venerando E. Amaro, Leonlene S. Aguiar, Caio C. Lima, and Alexandre B. Lopes
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3353–3366, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3353-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3353-2021, 2021
Short summary
09 Nov 2021
Understanding rockfalls along the national road G318 in China: from source area identification to hazard probability simulation
Lixia Chen, Yu Zhao, Yuanyao Li, Lei Gui, Kunlong Yin, and Dhruba Pikha Shrestha
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-303,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-303, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
Short summary
09 Nov 2021
Modelling geographical and built environment’s attributes as predictors of human vulnerability during tsunami evacuations: a multi-case study and paths to improvement
Jorge León, Alejandra Gubler, and Alonso Ogueda
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-309,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-309, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
Short summary
08 Nov 2021
Distribution of coastal high water level during extreme events around the UK and Irish coasts
Julia Rulent, Lucy M. Bricheno, J. A. Mattias Green, Ivan D. Haigh, and Huw Lewis
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3339–3351, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3339-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3339-2021, 2021
Short summary
08 Nov 2021
A global open-source database of flood-protection levees on river deltas (openDELvE)
Joey O'Dell, Jaap H. Nienhuis, Jana R. Cox, Douglas A. Edmonds, and Paolo Scussolini
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-291,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-291, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
Short summary
08 Nov 2021
Rainfall-Induced Landslide Early Warning System based on corrected mesoscale numerical models: an application for the Southern Andes
Ivo Fustos, Nataly Manque, Daniel Vásquez, Mauricio Hermosilla, and Viviana Letelier
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-317,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-317, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
Short summary
08 Nov 2021
Invited perspectives: A research agenda towards Disaster Risk Management pathways in multi-risk assessment
Philip James Ward, James Daniell, Melanie Duncan, Anna Dunne, Cédric Hananel, Stefan Hochrainer-Stigler, Annegien Tijssen, Silvia Torresan, Roxana Ciurean, Joel Gill, Jana Sillmann, Anaïs Couasnon, Elco Koks, Noemi Padrón-Fumero, Sharon Tatman, Marianne Tronstad Lund, Adewole Adesiyun, Jeroen Aerts, Alexander Alabaster, Bernard Butler, Carlos Campillo Torres, Andrea Critto, Raúl Hernández Martin, Marta Machado, Jaroslav Mysiak, Rene Orth, Irene Palomino, Eva-Cristina Petrescu, Markus Reichstein, Timothy Tiggeloven, Anne van Loon, Hung Vuong Pham, and Marleen de Ruiter
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-326,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-326, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
Short summary
05 Nov 2021
Occurrence of pressure-forced meteotsunami events in the eastern Yellow Sea during 2010–2019
Myung-Seok Kim, Seung-Buhm Woo, Hyunmin Eom, and Sung Hyup You
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3323–3337, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3323-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3323-2021, 2021
Short summary
04 Nov 2021
Review article: Mapping the adaptation solution space – lessons from Jakarta
Mia Wannewitz and Matthias Garschagen
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3285–3322, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3285-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3285-2021, 2021
Short summary
03 Nov 2021
Invited perspectives: How does climate change affect the risk of natural hazards? Challenges and step changes from the reinsurance perspective
Anja T. Rädler
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-331,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-331, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 1 comment)
Short summary
02 Nov 2021
Risk perception of local stakeholders on natural hazards: implications for theory and practice
Mihai Ciprian Mărgărint, Mihai Niculiță, Giulia Roder, and Paolo Tarolli
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3251–3283, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3251-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3251-2021, 2021
Short summary
02 Nov 2021
Comparative analysis and implications of sustainable Flood Risk Management in four front-end countries: The United Kingdom, the Netherlands, the United States, & Japan 
Faith Ka Shun Chan, Liang Emlyn Yang, Gordon Mitchell, Nigel Wright, Mingfu Guan, Xiaohui Lu, Zilin Wang, Burrell Montz, and Olalekan Adekola
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-268,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-268, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
Short summary
02 Nov 2021
Hotspots for warm and dry summers in eastern Europe, with a focus on Romania
Viorica Nagavciuc, Patrick Scholz, and Monica Ionita
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-298,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-298, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
Short summary
02 Nov 2021
Characteristics of joint heavy precipitation and high sea level events on the Finnish coast in 1961–2020
Mika Rantanen, Kirsti Jylhä, Jani Särkkä, Jani Räihä, and Ulpu Leijala
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-314,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-314, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
Short summary
29 Oct 2021
Brief communication: Effective earthquake early warning systems: appropriate messaging and public awareness roles
Meng Zhang, Xue Qiao, Barnabas C. Seyler, Baofeng Di, Yuan Wang, and Ya Tang
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3243–3250, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3243-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3243-2021, 2021
Short summary
27 Oct 2021
Improving flood damage assessments in data-scarce areas by retrieval of building characteristics through UAV image segmentation and machine learning – a case study of the 2019 floods in southern Malawi
Lucas Wouters, Anaïs Couasnon, Marleen C. de Ruiter, Marc J. C. van den Homberg, Aklilu Teklesadik, and Hans de Moel
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3199–3218, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3199-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3199-2021, 2021
Short summary
27 Oct 2021
Impact of information presentation on interpretability of spatial hazard information: lessons from a study in avalanche safety
Kathryn C. Fisher, Pascal Haegeli, and Patrick Mair
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3219–3242, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3219-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3219-2021, 2021
Short summary
27 Oct 2021
Partitioning the uncertainty contributions of dependent offshore forcing conditions in the probabilistic assessment of future coastal flooding at a macrotidal site
Jeremy Rohmer, Deborah Idier, Remi Thieblemont, Goneri Le Cozannet, and François Bachoc
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-271,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-271, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
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25 Oct 2021
Invited perspectives: challenges and future directions in improving bridge flood resilience
Enrico Tubaldi, Christopher J. White, Edoardo Patelli, Stergios Mitoulis, Gustavo de Almeida, Jim Brown, Michael Cranston, Martin Hardman, Eftychia Koursari, Rob Lamb, Hazel McDonald, Richard Mathews, Richard Newell, Alonso Pizarro, Marta Roca, and Daniele Zonta
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-293,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-293, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 2 comments)
Short summary
22 Oct 2021
Sensitivity analysis of input ground motion on surface motion parameters in high seismic regions: A case of Bhutan Himalaya
Karma Tempa, Komal Raj Aryal, Nimesh Chettri, Giovanni Forte, and Dipendra Gautam
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-279,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-279, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
Short summary
21 Oct 2021
Brief Communication: A case study of risk assessment for facilities associated with earthquake-induced liquefaction potential in Kimhae City, South Korea 
Sang-Soo Jeon, Daeyang Heo, and Sang-Seung Lee
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-287,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-287, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 1 comment)
Short summary
21 Oct 2021
Half a degree warming might cause doubled economic loss and intensified affected population of flood in China
Lulu Liu, Jiangbo Gao, and Shaohong Wu
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-304,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-304, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 1 comment)
Short summary
20 Oct 2021
Flood–pedestrian simulator for modelling human response dynamics during flood-induced evacuation: Hillsborough stadium case study
Mohammad Shirvani and Georges Kesserwani
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3175–3198, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3175-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3175-2021, 2021
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19 Oct 2021
Assessment of direct economic losses of flood disasters based on spatial valuation of land use and quantification of vulnerabilities: a case study on the 2014 flood in Lishui city of China
Haixia Zhang, Weihua Fang, Hua Zhang, and Lu Yu
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3161–3174, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3161-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3161-2021, 2021
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19 Oct 2021
ABWiSE v1.0: toward an agent-based approach to simulating wildfire spread
Jeffrey Katan and Liliana Perez
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3141–3160, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3141-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3141-2021, 2021
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19 Oct 2021
Dynamic Risk Assessment of Compound Hazards Based on VFS-IEM-IDM: A Case Study of Typhoon-Rainstorm Hazards in Shenzhen, China
Wenwu Gong, Jie Jiang, and Lili Yang
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-263,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-263, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 2 comments)
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19 Oct 2021
How to use empirical data to improve transportation infrastructure risk assessment
Weihua Zhu, Kai Liu, Ming Wang, Sadhana Nirandjan, and Elco Koks
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-277,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-277, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
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19 Oct 2021
Ground motions variability in Israel from 3-D simulations of M 6 and M 7 earthquakes
Jonatan Glehman and Michael Tsesarsky
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-280,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-280, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
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19 Oct 2021
Magnitude and source area estimations of severe prehistoric earthquakes in the western Eastern Alps
Patrick Oswald, Michael Strasser, Jens Skapski, and Jasper Moernaut
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-281,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-281, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
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19 Oct 2021
Strategies for landslide detection using open-access synthetic aperture radar backscatter change in Google Earth Engine
Alexander L. Handwerger, Shannan Y. Jones, Pukar Amatya, Hannah R. Kerner, Dalia B. Kirschbaum, and Mong-Han Huang
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-283,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-283, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 2 comments)
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18 Oct 2021
Evaluating integrated water management strategies to inform hydrological drought mitigation
Doris E. Wendt, John P. Bloomfield, Anne F. Van Loon, Margaret Garcia, Benedikt Heudorfer, Joshua Larsen, and David M. Hannah
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3113–3139, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3113-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3113-2021, 2021
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18 Oct 2021
Developing a framework for the assessment of current and future flood risk in Venice, Italy
Julius Schlumberger, Christian Ferrarin, Sebastiaan N. Jonkman, Andres Diaz Loaiza, Alessandro Antonini, and Sandra Fatorić
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-272,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-272, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 1 comment)
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15 Oct 2021
Review article: Brief history of volcanic risk in the Neapolitan area (Campania, southern Italy): a critical review
Stefano Carlino
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3097–3112, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3097-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3097-2021, 2021
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15 Oct 2021
Assessing the effectiveness and the economic impact of evacuation: the case of Vulcano Island, Italy
Costanza Bonadonna, Ali Asgary, Franco Romerio, Tais Zulemyan, Corine Frischknecht, Chiara Cristiani, Mauro Rosi, Chris E. Gregg, Sebastien Biass, Marco Pistolesi, Scira Menoni, and Antonio Ricciardi
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-301,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-301, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 1 comment)
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14 Oct 2021
Tsunami heights and limits in 1945 along the Makran coast estimated from testimony gathered 7 decades later in Gwadar, Pasni and Ormara
Hira Ashfaq Lodhi, Shoaib Ahmed, and Haider Hasan
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3085–3096, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3085-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3085-2021, 2021
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14 Oct 2021
Gridded Flood Depth Estimates from Satellite Derived Inundations
Seth Bryant, Heather McGrath, and Mathieu Boudreault
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-275,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-275, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 2 comments)
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13 Oct 2021
Are interactions important in estimating flood damage to economic entities? The case of wine-making in France
David Nortes Martínez, Frédéric Grelot, Pauline Brémond, Stefano Farolfi, and Juliette Rouchier
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3057–3084, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3057-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3057-2021, 2021
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13 Oct 2021
Residential building stock modelling for mainland China targeted for seismic risk assessment
Danhua Xin, James Edward Daniell, Hing-Ho Tsang, and Friedemann Wenzel
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3031–3056, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3031-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3031-2021, 2021
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13 Oct 2021
Lessons from the 2018–2019 European droughts: A collective need for unifying drought risk management
Veit Blauhut, Michael Stoelzle, Lauri Ahopelto, Manuela I. Brunner, Claudia Teutschbein, Doris E. Wendt, Vytautas Akstinas, Sigrid J. Bakke, Lucy J. Barker, Lenka Bartošová, Agrita Briede, Carmelo Cammalleri, Lucia De Stefano, Miriam Fendeková, David C. Finger, Marijke Huysmans, Mirjana Ivanov, Jaak Jaagus, Jiří Jakubínský, Ksenija Cindrić Kalin, Svitlana Krakovska, Gregor Laaha, Monika Lakatos, Kiril Manevski, Mathias Neumann Andersen, Nina Nikolova, Marzena Osuch, Pieter van Oel, Kalina Radeva, Renata J. Romanowicz, Elena Toth, Mirek Trnka, Marko Urošev, Julia Urquijo Reguera, Eric Sauquet, Silvana Stevkova, Lena M. Tallaksen, Iryna Trofimova, Michelle T. H. van Vliet, Jean-Philippe Vidal, Niko Wanders, Micha Werner, Patrick Willems, and Nenad Živković
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-276,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-276, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 11 comments)
Short summary
13 Oct 2021
Global assessment and mapping of ecological vulnerability to wildfires
Fátima Arrogante-Funes, Inmaculada Aguado, and Emilio Chuvieco
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-285,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-285, 2021
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Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
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08 Oct 2021
Debris flow event on Osorno volcano, Chile, during summer 2017: new interpretations for chain processes in the southern Andes
Ivo Janos Fustos-Toribio, Bastian Morales-Vargas, Marcelo Somos-Valenzuela, Pablo Moreno-Yaeger, Ramiro Muñoz-Ramirez, Ines Rodriguez Araneda, and Ningsheng Chen
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3015–3029, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3015-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-3015-2021, 2021
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08 Oct 2021
A Strategic Framework for Natural Disaster-Induced Cost Risk Analysis and Mitigation: A Two-Stage Approach Using Deep Learning and Cost-Benefit Analysis
Ji-Myong Kim, Sang-Guk Yum, Hyunsoung Park, and Junseo Bae
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-294,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-294, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 0 comments)
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07 Oct 2021
Integrating empirical models and satellite radar can improve landslide detection for emergency response
Katy Burrows, David Milledge, Richard J. Walters, and Dino Bellugi
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2993–3014, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2993-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2993-2021, 2021
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06 Oct 2021
Detrainment and braking of snow avalanches interacting with forests
Louis Védrine, Xingyue Li, and Johan Gaume
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-289,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-289, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 1 comment)
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05 Oct 2021
An ensemble of state-of-the-art ash dispersion models: towards probabilistic forecasts to increase the resilience of air traffic against volcanic eruptions
Matthieu Plu, Barbara Scherllin-Pirscher, Delia Arnold Arias, Rocio Baro, Guillaume Bigeard, Luca Bugliaro, Ana Carvalho, Laaziz El Amraoui, Kurt Eschbacher, Marcus Hirtl, Christian Maurer, Marie D. Mulder, Dennis Piontek, Lennart Robertson, Carl-Herbert Rokitansky, Fritz Zobl, and Raimund Zopp
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2973–2992, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2973-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2973-2021, 2021
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04 Oct 2021
Ground motion prediction maps using seismic microzonation data and machine learning
Federico Mori, Amerigo Mendicelli, Gaetano Falcone, Gianluca Acunzo, Rose Line Spacagna, Giuseppe Naso, and Massimiliano Moscatelli
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-282,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-282, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 2 comments)
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01 Oct 2021
A climatology of sub-seasonal temporal clustering of extreme precipitation in Switzerland and its links to extreme discharge
Alexandre Tuel and Olivia Martius
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2949–2972, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2949-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2949-2021, 2021
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30 Sep 2021
Are sirens effective tools to alert the population in France?
Johnny Douvinet, Anna Serra-Llobet, Esteban Bopp, and G. Mathias Kondolf
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2899–2920, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2899-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2899-2021, 2021
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30 Sep 2021
Global riverine flood risk – how do hydrogeomorphic floodplain maps compare to flood hazard maps?
Sara Lindersson, Luigia Brandimarte, Johanna Mård, and Giuliano Di Baldassarre
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2921–2948, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2921-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2921-2021, 2021
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30 Sep 2021
Review article. Factors leading to the occurrence of flood fatalities: a systematic review of research papers published between 2010 and 2020
Olga Petrucci
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-269,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-269, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 3 comments)
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28 Sep 2021
UAV survey method to monitor and analyze geological hazards: the case study of the mud volcano of Villaggio Santa Barbara, Caltanissetta (Sicily)
Fabio Brighenti, Francesco Carnemolla, Danilo Messina, and Giorgio De Guidi
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2881–2898, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2881-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2881-2021, 2021
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27 Sep 2021
Combining radiative transfer calculations and a neural network for the remote sensing of volcanic ash using MSG/SEVIRI
Luca Bugliaro, Dennis Piontek, Stephan Kox, Marius Schmidl, Bernhard Mayer, Richard Müller, Margarita Vázquez-Navarro, Daniel M. Peters, Roy G. Grainger, Josef Gasteiger, and Jayanta Kar
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-270,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-270, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 1 comment)
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22 Sep 2021
Impact of large wildfires on PM10 levels and human mortality in Portugal
Patricia Tarín-Carrasco, Sofia Augusto, Laura Palacios-Peña, Nuno Ratola, and Pedro Jiménez-Guerrero
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2867–2880, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2867-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2867-2021, 2021
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20 Sep 2021
Family Cruise 2020 Matching PopSockets Grip and Stand for Phones
Yiwei Zhang, Jianping Chen, Qing Wang, Chun Tan, Yongchao Li, Xiaohui Sun, and Yang Li
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-254,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-254, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 1 comment)
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20 Sep 2021
ProbFire: a probabilistic fire early warning system for Indonesia
Tadas Nikonovas, Allan C. Spessa, Stefan H. Doerr, Gareth D. Clay, and Symon Mezbahuddin
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-245,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-245, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: final response, 2 comments)
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17 Sep 2021
Investigating 3D and 4D variational rapid-update-cycling assimilation of weather radar reflectivity for a heavy rain event in central Italy
Vincenzo Mazzarella, Rossella Ferretti, Errico Picciotti, and Frank Silvio Marzano
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2849–2865, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2849-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2849-2021, 2021
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17 Sep 2021
A modeling methodology to study the tributary-junction alluvial fan connectivity during a debris flow event
Alex Garcés, Gerardo Zegers, Albert Cabré, Germán Aguilar, Aldo Tamburrino, and Santiagio Montserrat
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-266,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-266, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: final response, 3 comments)
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17 Sep 2021
Spatio-temporal Evolution of Wet-dry Event Features and their Transition across Upper Jhelum Basin (UJB)-South Asia
Rubina Ansari and Giovanna Grossi
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-267,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-267, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: final response, 2 comments)
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16 Sep 2021
Global flood exposure from different sized rivers
Mark V. Bernhofen, Mark A. Trigg, P. Andrew Sleigh, Christopher C. Sampson, and Andrew M. Smith
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2829–2847, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2829-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2829-2021, 2021
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15 Sep 2021
Machine-Learning blends of geomorphic descriptors: value and limitations for flood hazard assessment across large floodplains
Andrea Magnini, Michele Lombardi, Simone Persiano, Antonio Tirri, Francesco Lo Conti, and Attilio Castellarin
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-253,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-253, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: open, 1 comment)
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15 Sep 2021
Forecasting the regional fire radiative power for regularly ignited vegetation fires
Tero M. Partanen and Mikhail Sofiev
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-262,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-262, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: final response, 2 comments)
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15 Sep 2021
Assessing potential impact of explosive volcanic eruptions from Jan Mayen Island (Norway) on aviation in the North Atlantic
Manuel Titos, Beatriz Martínez Montesinos, Sara Barsotti, Laura Sandri, Arnau Folch, Leonardo Mingari, Giovanni Macedonio, and Antonio Costa
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-264,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-2021-264, 2021
Preprint under review for NHESS (discussion: final response, 3 comments)
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14 Sep 2021
Longitudinal survey data for diversifying temporal dynamics in flood risk modelling
Elena Mondino, Anna Scolobig, Marco Borga, and Giuliano Di Baldassarre
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2811–2828, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2811-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2811-2021, 2021
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13 Sep 2021
Multi-decadal geomorphic changes of a low-angle valley glacier in the East Kunlun Mountains: remote sensing observations and detachment hazard assessment
Xiaowen Wang, Lin Liu, Yan Hu, Tonghua Wu, Lin Zhao, Qiao Liu, Rui Zhang, Bo Zhang, and Guoxiang Liu
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2791–2810, https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2791-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-21-2791-2021, 2021
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HIJONES Stainless Steel Moon Sun Star Statement Ring for Men and